Health Hazards of Cigarette Smoking

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The health hazards associated with cigarette smoking are:

  • Cancer of the lungs
  • Cancer of the lips
  • Cancer of the oral cavity
  • Cancer of the pharynx
  • Cancer of the larynx
  • Cancer of the esophagus
  • Cancer of the pancreas
  • Cancer of the bladder
  • Coronary artery disease, or the hardening and narrowing of arteries supplying blood to the heart.
  • Myocardial infarction, or heart attack, occurs when a part of the heart become asphyxiated because of cessation of blood flow.
  • Chronic bronchitis. One of the chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases characterized by incessant coughing and copious phlegm.
  • Emphysema. One of the chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases characterized by destruction of the alveoli, the terminal airsacs where oxygen combines with blood.
  • Stroke, or cerebro-vascular accident, or brain attack, occurs when a part of the brain is asphyxiated because of cessation of blood flow.
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans, or Buerger's disease, is the narrowing of arteries supplying blood to the arms or legs, more common among smokers.
  • Low birth weight infants of mothers who smoke.
  • Prematurity, or the delivery of an infant less than 37 weeks age of gestation.
  • Spontaneous abortion
  • Stillbirth, or the delivery of a dead infant.
  • Infant mortality, or the death of an infant less than one year of age.
  • Abruptio placentae, or the premature separation of the placenta from the uterus, causing profuse bleeding before delivery.
  • Placenta previa, or the implantation of the placenta on or near the cervical opening, causing profuse bleeding before delivery.
  • Premature rupture of membranes which surround the fetus.

Why smoke?

No health benefits from cigarette smoking has been shown by any reliable study.

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